As the government continues to push through reforms (in the Land Acquisition Act, the Real Estate Regulatory bill, relaxation of FDI rules, etc.), Property continues to remain the best option for NRIs looking to invest in India.In the present economic scenario, as an NRI there couldn’t be a better time to invest in a home or office space in India.
But before making the final decision, there are some big questions to be addressed; who is the developer, what are his credentials, what about the property, location, amenities, payment terms, legalities and so on.
Privia Group offers rewarding investment options in the major commercial & residential hub of India – Mumbai, Navi Mumbai & Pune.
Our projects are thoughtfully and creatively designed at prime locations to suit your stature.
We whole-heartedly invite you to invest in the finest homes and the smartest corporate avenues of Privia.
We believe that our job is not just to build homes but also to build lifelong relationships.
A person residing outside India who is a citizen of India or a person outside India who is of Indian origin is an NRI. The definition of Person resident outside India is defined under section 2(w) of Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 as “a person who is not resident in India”
A person shall be deemed to be a person not resident in India in the following cases:-
Person of Indian Origin (PIO) for the purpose of acquiring immovable property in India as given under:-
“Person of Indian origin’ means an individual (not being a citizen of Pakistan or Bangladesh or Sri Lanka or Afghanistan or China or Iran or Nepal or Bhutan), who
NRIs/OCB’s are granted the following facilities:
Under the general permission available, the following categories can freely purchase immovable property in India:
Yes, the Reserve Bank has granted general permission to NRIs to acquire or dispose of NRI India Properties by way of gift from or to a relative who may be an Indian citizen or a person of Indian origin (PIO) whether resident in India or not.
Yes, under the general permission granted by the Reserve Bank, property other than agricultural land/farm house/plantation property can be acquired by NRIs provided the purchase consideration is met either out of inward remittances in foreign exchange through normal banking channels or out of funds from the purchaser’s NRE/FCNR accounts maintained with banks in India and a declaration is submitted to the Central Office of Reserve Bank in form IPI 7 within a period of 90 days from the date of purchase of the property/final payment of purchase consideration.
The Reserve Bank has granted some general permission to certain financial institutions providing housing finance e.g. HDFC, LIC Housing Finance Ltd., etc, and authorized dealers to grant housing loans to NRI nationals for acquisition of a NRI house/flat for self-occupation subject to certain conditions. Criteria regarding the purpose of the loan, margin money and the quantum of loan will be at par with those applicable to resident Indians. Repayment of the loan should be made within a period not exceeding 15 years, out of inward remittance through banking channels or out of funds held in the investors’ NRE/FCNR/NRO accounts.
Types of Power of Attorney
Following are the important things to be kept in mind while executing the POA:
The documents needed for obtaining NRI home loans are Bank specific. General list of documents are as mentioned below:
List of Classified documents for Salaried and Self Employed NRI Applicants. Banks may have specific requirements apart from the below listed documents under respective headings in the Table
|Salaried NRI Applicants||Self-Employed NRI Applicants|
|Copy of valid passport showing VISA stamps||Passport copy with valid visa stamp|
|Copy of valid visa / work permit / equivalent document supporting the NRI status of the proposed account holder||Brief profile of the applicant and business/ Trade license or equivalent document|
|Overseas Bank A/C for the last 3 months showing salary credits||6 months overseas bank account statement and NRE/ NRO account|
|Latest contract copy evidencing Salary / Salary Certificate / Wage Slips||Computation of income, P&L account and B/Sheet for last 3 years certified by the C.A. / CPA or any other relevant authority as the case may be (or equivalent company accounts)|
a. Since general permission is not available to NRI/PIO to acquire agricultural
b. land/plantation property/farm house in India, such proposals will require
c. specific approval of Reserve Bank and the proposals are considered in
d. In consultation with the Government of India.
a. What is the Tax treatment for income generated from property selling or renting for NRI/ PIO/OCI?
The mere acquisition of property does not attract income tax. However, any income accruing from the ownership of it, in the form of rent (if it is let out)/annual value of the house (if is not let out and it is not the only residential property owned by that person in India) and/or capital gains (short term or long term) arising on the sale of this house or part thereof is taxable in the hands of the owner.
b. Do NRI/PIO/OCI have to file return in India for their property rental income and Capital Gains Tax?
The Government of India has granted general permission for NRI/PIO/OCI to buy property in India and they do not have to pay any taxes even while acquiring property in India. However, taxes have to be paid if they are selling this property. Rental income earned is taxable in India, and they will have to obtain a PAN and file return of income if they have rented this property. On sale of the property, the profit on sale shall be subject to capital gains.
c. Tax on income from immovable property selling/renting?
If they have held the property for less than or equal to 3 years after taking actual possession then the gains would be short term capital gains, which are to be included in their total income as tax as per the normal slab rates shall be payable and if the property has been held for more then 3 years then the resultant gain would be long term capital gains subject to 20% tax plus applicable cess.
d. How does the Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement work in the context of tax on income and Capital Gains tax paid in India by NRI?
India has DTAA’s with several countries which give a favorable tax treatment in respect of certain heads of income. However, in case of sale of immovable property, the DTAA with most countries provide that the capital gains will be taxed in the country where the immovable property is situated. Hence, the non-resident will be subject to tax in India on the capital gains which arise on the sale of immovable property in India. Letting of immovable property in India
ii.would be taxed in India under most tax treaties in view of the fact that the property is situated in India.
Yes. Long-term and short-term capital gains are taxable in the hands of non-residents.
Exemption available (only for long term capital gains) The long term capital gains arising on sale of a residential house can be invested in buying/ constructing another residential house, within the prescribed time. The exemption is restricted to the amount of capital gains or amount invested in new residential house, whichever is lower. If the amount of capital gains is invested in bonds of National Highways Authority of India
(NHAI) or Rural Electrification Corporation, then the entire capital gains is exempted, else the proportionate gain is exempted. As per the financial budget 2007-08, a cap of Rs. 50 lakhs has been imposed on investment that can be made in capital tax saving bonds.
In case the non-resident pays any tax on capital gains arising in India, he would normally be able to obtain a tax credit in respect of the taxes paid in India in the home country, because the income in India would also be included in the country of tax residence. The amount of the tax credit as also the basis of computing the tax credit that can be claimed are specified in the respective country’s DTAA and is also dependent on the laws of the home country where the tax payer is a tax resident.
(a) If the property was acquired out of foreign exchange sources i.e. remitted through normal banking channels/by debit to NRE/FCNR(B) account, the amount to be repatriated should not exceed the amount paid for the property:
Repatriation of sale proceeds of residential property purchased by NRI’s/PIO’s out of foreign exchange is restricted to not more than two such properties. Capital gains, if any, may be credited to the NRO account from where the NRI’s/PIO’s may repatriate an account up to USD one million, per financial year, as discussed below
(b)If the property was acquired out of Rupee sources, NRI/PIO may remit an amount up to USD one million, per financial year, out of the balances held in the NRO account (inclusive of sale proceeds of assets acquired by way of inheritance or settlement), for all the bonafide purposes to the satisfaction of the Authorized Dealer bank and subject to tax compliance.
The NRI/PIO may use this facility to remit capital gains, where the acquisition of the subject property was made by funds sourced by remittance through normal banking channels/by debit to NRE/FCNR(B) account.